LAWNCARE CALENDAR

Ensure your lawn looks perfect all year round by checking out our top tips. Month by month steps to achieving a luscious lawn!

January Lawncare Tips

• I hope you all have had a very merry Christmas and happy new year. With December being its usual mixed bag of frosty and wet, the same is going be said for January as well.
• Those with fine lawns should wait until any frost has lifted before going on the grass as you can bruise the turf leaving unsightly black footprints in the lawn which can turn brown as the grass leaf dies.
• If you are concerned about any snow effecting the lawn then Turf Hardeners or iron based fertilisers can be used to ‘toughen’ the plant, keeping any fungal diseases such as Snow Mold at bay.
• Leaf and debris collection should continue when conditions allow. If leaf litter is left, it will stop the light from getting to the grass underneath and as the nights have drawn in the grass in the lawn will need all the light it can get.
• Please don’t forget about arranging to have your mower serviced. At the very least wash it down and grease or oil the working parts, if it’s a petrol mower please remove any remaining petrol this can go stale and won’t allow the mower to start in the New Year. Though organising the machine to be serviced by a reputable mechanic is far preferable.

February Lawncare Tips

  • With theme of the last couple of weeks of January being a mix of storms, frost and snow, our gardens as a whole have taken a pounding. 
  •   If it does snow where you are, long lying snow can raise the humidity in the grass beneath and result in fungal disease such as Snow Mould. If you haven’t already done it, then I would recommend an application of a turf harder such as Iron Sulphate to the grass in order to try and keep it at bay.

  • Where you do get a frost, those with fine lawns should wait until the frost has lifted before going on the lawn as you can bruise the grass leaving unsightly black footprints which can turn brown as the grass leaf dies.
  •  The strong winds from the gales and storms that have made this winter so far are blowing debris across the garden and have probably damaged trees and plants as well. Please collect leaf litter and debris when conditions allow. If leaf litter is left, it will stop the light from getting to the grass underneath.
  •   The excess winter rain has brought out the moss in most areas of the country; moss control can be achieved with the use of Iron based feeds; these feeds can either be soluble or granular types. Look to apply these towards the end of the month with the aim of raking out the dead moss in time for the new spring growth  
  •   Aerate the lawn by lightly pricking the surface with a garden fork; this will improve oxygen levels and help rain and irrigation to penetrate the surface and more easily reach the grass roots.
  • In areas that have seen large amounts of flooding, the receding waters can leave sediment; this can be potentially hazardous waste from flooded sewers or industry. Please wear protective gloves, eye protection and a dust mask as a minimum level of protective clothing when you come into contact with the sediment. Seek advice from your local authority or the Environment Agency for further guidance.
  •   I know with lockdown this may difficult, but if you haven’t had your mower serviced yet please try do so, time is running out. Before you know, it will be spring and you may find yourself at the back of a very long queue.

March Lawncare Tips

As the dark and cold of February moves over to the warmer and lengthened days of March, it’s time to start to see what needs to be done in preparation for summer.
  The rain and snow that we have had in February may have caused localised flooding in some areas of the country.
It’s important that in areas that have flooded, the receding waters can leave sediment; this can be potentially hazardous waste from flooded sewers or industry. Please wear protective gloves, eye protection and a dust mask as a minimum level of protective clothing when you come into contact with the sediment. Seek advice from your local authority or the Environment Agency for further guidance.
• Firstly, if your lawn is soggy underfoot, I would recommend that you keep off it until it manages to dry out, as you could do more harm than good by working on it.
  For most of us, this rain has caused our lawns to suffer from large amounts of waterlogging, which has caused the grass to thin and has encouraged lots of moss growth 
  If you can get on the lawn, first lightly aerate the surface of the lawn with a garden fork/rake or machine; this will improve oxygen levels and help rain and any water move off the surface and though the soil profile. 
These aeration holes are also very useful for re-seeding any areas of the lawn that have either died off or have thinned
  If moss is showing though the grass, then moss control can be achieved with the use of Iron based fertilisers; these feeds can either be soluble or granular types. This will ‘blacken’ the moss initially and then kill it. I would then look to remove the dead moss with a rake or scarifier once it has gone brown.
  
• Once the dead moss has been removed, look to reseed any areas that need it and then fertilise the whole lawn. I would recommend using a slow release fertiliser which, with regular mowing, will help thicken up the lawn again.
  We are bound to get some cold spells before the end of this month; as a result, I would check for frosts. If they are frosted, please keep off until it has lifted.
  Once the frost has lifted, collect any leaf litter or debris littering the garden. If leaf litter is left, it will stop the light and air from getting to the grass underneath, which can cause the grass to rot, and leaving bare patches
  If the lawn is looking hungry, then I would look to apply fertilisers, again I would recommend a slow release one.
  The lawn and paths will be looking a bit rough around the edges after the winter and will need to be re-established again with long handled shears and or cut out with a half-moon spade.
  If you haven’t had your mower serviced yet, please do so, time is running out. Before you know, grass growth will be in full swing and you may find yourself at the back of a very long queue.

April Lawncare Tips



  • With Easter the first weekend on the month, I think a lot of us will have plenty of time to work in the garden; though the forecast is saying it’s going to be a cold one!
  • As the end of March was warm and sunny, this has allowed things to start to dry up and this is allowing us a chance to catch up on what needs to be done.
  • The wet winter that we’ve just come though has allowed the moss to thrive, so it would be an ideal time to start to do the necessary renovations. I would look at applying Iron to kill the moss; this can either be sprayed on or applied as a granular. The moss will ‘blacken’ off and once it is dead then it will need to be raked or scarified out.
  • Following this with some fertiliser will help the grass fill the gaps caused by the removal of the moss. 
  • If there are any bare or thin patches in the lawn, then those areas will need to be re-seeded. Please ensure that adequate irrigation is applied, as a lack of water is the commonest reason that a re-seed fails. Be aware of the temperatures- you may want to wait until it warms up again.
  • If the lawn is looking hungry, an application of a spring/summer fertiliser should be applied. I would recommend using slow release type as this, alongside regular mowing, allows the sward to thicken out.
  • Aerate the lawn by lightly pricking the surface with a garden fork; this will improve oxygen levels and help rain and irrigation to penetrate the surface and more easily reach the grass roots. These aeration holes are also very useful for re-seeding any areas of the lawn that have either died off or have thinned.
  • Maintain neat lawn and path edges by trimming back excess grass growth with lawn edging trimmers on a regular basis.

                May Lawncare Tips

                • As I’m writing this, I can hear the rain against the windows, which comes as a much-needed relief to the lawn after the 3 weeks of dry weather we have just had. 
                • If you can, it would make sense to take advantage of this wet weather to fertilise the lawn and give it chance to recover from any wear and tear or spring renovations that may have been done earlier.
                • If you do fertilise your lawn, try using a slow release fertiliser that will help keep the lawn green longer without too much top growth. 

                • Don’t forget to trim the lawn edges, as and when required, with edging shears to keep them looking neat and tidy.Look to pull up isolated weeds or carry out spot treatment of weeds with a proprietary lawn weed killer Note: make sure the weed killer is suitable for grass; otherwise you will kill the grass as well as the weeds.
                • If you still have any moss in the lawns, it can be controlled with the use of Iron Sulphate, either in a liquid or granular form. This will turn the moss black, and then it should start to die off not long after.  Afterwards, lightly scarify to remove the dead moss and allow the grass the chance to recolonise the mossed areas.
                • Please keep an eye on any seedlings and be prepared to water; I don’t know how long this rain will last, so plan to water as well. 


                June Lawncare Tips

                • This time last year we were in the middle of a drought with all of us all hoping for rain. Move forward to this year and we just want it to stop!
                • As the grass is now growing, please mow on a more regular basis, at least once per week (probably twice or more with a cylinder). The height of cut should now be at the summer height of cut.
                • After all this rain, the nutrients in your soil may have been washed away, so you may need to look to fertilising your lawn. I would recommend applying a slow release fertiliser. This allows the lawn to maintain its colour while encouraging a manageable amount of growth.
                • Unless the lawn is level and free of any humps and hollows, the height of cut should be between 15 - 20mm. Lower heights of cut will expose the humps or hollows and can result in the mower straddling the high spots and scalping the turf. Lawns that are uniformly level can be mowed at a height not less than 12mm.
                • Continue to trim lawn edges, as and when required, with edging shears to keep them looking neat and tidy.
                Continue to pull up isolated weeds or carry out spot treatment with a proprietary lawn weed killer Note: make sure the weed killer is suitable for grass, otherwise you will kill the grass as well as the weeds. You can verticut once a month to help give weeds a hard time- this will also thicken your lawn.
                Check the mower blades are still sharp and that all moving parts are lubricated as per the manufacturer’s guidelines.
                Lightly scarify the lawn with a spring tined rake once a month to remove thatch (the build-up of excess organic matter on the surface of the soil). This is necessary as thatch will hold water on the surface like a sponge, encouraging the grass to grow only shallow roots, which will make the plant less tolerant of dry weather, as it does not have roots extending deep down into the soil to find moisture. Thatch can also harbour turf diseases.

                July Lawncare Tips

                • As we move out of June with its mixed bag of sunshine and showers, July is looking to provide much of the same.
                • Red thread is once again an issue, but with the range of weather we’ve been having and the resulting humidity, it’s not too surprising. For those lawns not effected by Red thread, it’s time to make a small application of fertiliser on the lawns, especially if they are thinning and looking hungry. A good indicator of when fertiliser is required is when the amount of grass clippings collected is dramatically reduced. Always follow the manufacturer’s directions.
                • For those affected by Red Thread, I would recommend trying a heavier application of fertiliser before using any chemicals. A good feed will usually deal with the problem, thereby limiting the amount of pesticides you end up using.
                • Another result of all this sunshine and rain, and any fertiliser application, is that your lawns will put on a growth spurt, so please keep mowing the grass regularly to prevent it from getting away from you.
                • Continue to pull up isolated weeds or carry out spot treatment of weeds with a proprietary lawn weedkiller.
                • Aerate the lawn by lightly pricking the surface with a garden fork; this will improve oxygen levels and help rain and irrigation to penetrate the surface and more easily reach the grass roots.
                • If you have a lawn rake or spring rake scarifier then a pass or two of that before mowing will help lift any lateral growth so it can be cut. This will improve the overall presentation, especially if your looking for a good stripe in the lawn.

                • Maintain neat lawn and path edges by trimming back excess grass growth with lawn edge trimmers on a regular basis.
                • Irrigation should be applied to any recently seeded or turfed areas, as any hot dry spell could easily kill off the grass before it has a chance to establish.
                •  The lawn mower should now be at its summer height of cut – ornamental lawns 10 to 15mm; recreational lawns 20 to 30mm. Do not be tempted to reduce the height of cut, as you may scalp the lawn, resulting in unsightly bare patches.
                • Mow any wildflower meadow areas and leave the clippings in situ to dry for at least a week. Rake up the clippings once they have dried and set seed.

                August Lawncare Tips


                • Now that the heat wave has broken, we now seem to being subjected to sunshine and showers (with the occasional thunderstorm as well); perfect conditions for the lawns to recover. Already the lawns around here are starting to green up again.

                  A light feed can be applied to help the grass recover.

                  Continue to trim lawn edges and mow as and when required; different grass varieties will recover at different times, giving the lawn an uneven look.

                  Continue to pull up isolated weeds or carry out spot treatment of weeds with a proprietary lawn weed killer. You should be lightly scarifying with your scarifier cartridge at least once a month aswell as verticutting to help keep on top of weeds.

                  Check the mower blades are still sharp and that all moving parts are lubricated as per the manufacturer’s guidelines. 

                  Mowing height should be between 15-20mm, any lower and you run the risk of scalping the lawn.

                September Lawncare Tips

                • The relatively wet August and warm soils have kept the grass green and growing. Please don’t let the lawn get away from you as it will be difficult getting it back.
                • The mornings now have an autumnal feel, reminding us that the season is on the change
                • As a result, it’s now renovation time, repairing both any damage done during the lockdown summer and preparing the lawn for winter, starting with:
                • Scarification to remove any dead grass or thatch build-up (this is excess organic matter on the surface of the soil). This dead grass and thatch will act like a sponge, encouraging the proliferation of moss and reducing the need for the grass to develop a deep root base. This makes the grass plant less tolerant of any dry weather next year as the roots cannot find moisture in the soil beneath it. Thatch can also harbour turf diseases such Fusarium.

                • Aerating the lawn with either solid or hollow tines. The alleviation of compaction in the surface of the lawn will allow the movement of both air and water though the top layer of the turf. This helps with movement of water through the soil, helping prevent moss and encouraging root development within the lawn. When hollow tining, the cores will have to be removed; these can either be disposed of or recycled as a dressing for the spring or next autumn.
                • Reseeding the lawn both in areas where the grass is thin or patchy but also in the ‘dead’ areas as well. This will thicken up the turf as well adding newer more vigorous grasses to the sward, and squeeze out the weed grass and moss.
                • Top dress the lawn with a soil/sand mix to cover the recently applied seed and to level any dips and hollows from the lawn. Once applied, use the back of a garden rake to level off the dressing. Please do not try to ‘bury’ the grass, always ensure that it is showing through the top dressing, otherwise you can ‘suffocate’ the lawn and kill the grass beneath it.
                • Fertilise the lawn with an autumn/winter fertiliser; these are usually low in Nitrogen but have a higher amount of Phosphate and Potash than summer feeds. Phosphate and Potash help with root development and strengthen the plants’ cell walls, therefore helping the turf go into winter stronger and healthier. I would advise using a slow release fertiliser, as this will slowly release nutrient into the lawn without you having to deal with a growth flush.
                • Raise the height of cut after renovations to 30-40mm. Any lower and you encourage the build-up of moss within the lawn. The less light that can get to the base of the sward the fewer moss spores that are able to germinate.
                • Continue to trim lawn edges as and when required, with edging shears to keep them looking neat and tidy.
                Note:
                As always at this time of year, there is talk of heatwaves and Indian Summers, and sometimes it happens. Please keep an eye on the forecasts before starting your renovations, as any prolonged dry spells can have a detrimental effect – be prepared to irrigate.

                October Lawncare Tips

                • As a pleasantly mild September finishes, the air temperatures have started to drop; this will encourage the leaves to fall, so please be prepared to collect these regularly. If they are left, the grass beneath them will be deprived of light and will suffer as a result. As air temperatures fall, so will the soil temperature, so if you haven’t started your autumn renovations, I would before it’s too late:
                • Scarification is necessary as thatch (the build-up of excess organic matter on the surface of the soil) will hold water on the surface like a sponge, encouraging the proliferation of moss and reducing the need for the grass to develop a deep root base.  This makes the grass plant less tolerant of dry weather as the roots cannot find moisture. Thatch can also harbour turf diseases such Fusarium.
                • Aerating the lawn with either Solid or Hollow tines. The alleviation of compaction in the surface of the lawn will allow the movement of both air and water through the top layer of the turf. This helps with drainage and therefore helping prevent moss, and also encourages root development within the lawn. When hollow tining, the cores will have to be removed, these can either be disposed of or recycled as a dressing for the spring or next autumn
                • Reseeding the lawn in areas where the grass is thin or patchy, but also as a way of adding newer more vigorous grasses into the sward.
                • Top dressing the lawn with a soil/sand mix can be used to cover the recently applied seed and to remove dips and hollows from the lawn. Once applied, use the back of a garden rake to level off the dressing. Do not bury the grass, always ensure that it is showing though the top dressing, otherwise you can ‘suffocate’ the lawn and kill the grass beneath it.
                • Raise the height of cut after renovations to 30-40mm, any lower and you encourage the build-up of moss within the lawn. The less light that can get to base of the sward the less moss spores that are able to germinate.
                • Fertilise the lawn with an autumn/winter fertiliser; these are usually low in Nitrogen but have a higher amount of Phosphate and Potash than summer feeds.  These two last nutrients help with root development and strengthen the plants cell walls, therefore allowing the turf to go into winter with stronger and healthier plants.
                • Continue to trim lawn edges as and when required, with edging shears to keep them looking neat and tidy.

                November Lawncare Tips

                • As temperatures inevitably decline, it won’t be long before we wake up to frosts which will bring its own challenges. Among them, increased leaf fall from the deciduous trees in the garden and the risk of damage when walking across frosted grass.
                • Your autumn renovations should now have been completed and the lawn can be left to regenerate at its own pace.
                • If you need to fertilise the lawn, please use an autumn/winter fertiliser, these are usually low in Nitrogen but have a higher amount of Phosphate and Potash than summer feeds. These two last nutrients help with root development and strengthen the plant’s cell walls, therefore allowing the turf to go into winter stronger and healthier. 
                • N.B. a slow release fertiliser would be better, as this will trickle nutrients into the ground over the 3 months or so of its life rather than a sudden flush of nutrients and growth which could encourage lawn diseases such as Fusarium.
                • Also, fertilisers with high iron content can also be used to harden the grass and help prevent moss. N.B Please ensure when using these types of fertilisers that any granules that come into contact with stone or light paving are be brushed off as soon as possible, as the iron can stain, leaving it covered with pink/orange dots.
                • If you are still cutting, please raise your mower’s height of cut so it is between 30-40mm; any lower and you encourage the build-up of moss within the lawn. The less light that can get to base of the sward the less moss spores that are able to germinate.
                • Continue to trim lawn edges, if you already haven’t done so, with edging shears to keep them looking neat and tidy.
                • Also prune back any herbaceous plants that are over hanging the lawn or may do so once the growing season starts again in the New Year. These obscure the light to the lawn, creating unsightly bald patches and can encourage moss or weeds.
                • Please don’t stop collecting the leaf drop, not only is it unsightly but if this is left then it will smother the grass leaving dead patches in the lawns that moss will colonise
                • If there is a frost, I would recommend that you wait until it lifts before going onto the grass, as the foot fall can damage the grass leaving ‘black’ footprints within the sward.
                • AS October has been a wet one, there may have been some localised flooding in your area, or if not, the water table may be high enough to create some in November.
                • Please Note: Heavy rains in winter can cause localised flooding in certain areas the receding waters can leave sediment; this can be potentially hazardous waste from flooded sewers or industry. Wear protective gloves, eye protection and a dust mask as a minimum level of protective clothing when you come into contact with the sediment. Seek advice from your local authority or the Environment Agency for further guidance.

                December Lawncare Tips

                • With this topsy turvy weather we’re having at the moment, one day heavy frost the next day heavy rain, I would advise that you stay off the lawn – you can do more harm than good.
                • If you can aerate the lawn, please do, it will help move the water though the soil profile to where it’s needed.
                • In regards to frost, those with fine lawns should wait until the frost has lifted before going on, as you can bruise the grass, leaving unsightly black footprints in the lawn which can turn brown as the grass leaf dies. To improve the amount of light getting to the lawn, please ensure that you rake up all the leaves, otherwise they will block out the light leading to bare patches on the lawn that are an invitation to either weeds or moss
                • The leaf litter will also encourage worms to the surface to feed on the dead leaves. While this can aid the biological health of the lawn, it will lead to large amounts of worm casts on the surface which are not only unsightly but can provide nice little seed beds for weeds in the spring.
                • If you haven’t fed your lawn with an Autumn/Winter fertiliser, I would do so soon. These fertilisers are usually low in Nitrogen but have a higher amount of Phosphate and Potash than summer feeds. These two last nutrients help with root development and strengthen the plants cell walls, therefore allowing the turf to go into winter with stronger and healthier plants.
                N.B a slow release fertiliser would be better, as this will trickle nutrients into the ground over the 3 months or so of its life, rather than a sudden flush of nutrients and growth could encourage lawn diseases such as Fusarium.
                • Fertilisers with high iron content can also be used to harden the grass and help prevent moss. N.B Please ensure when using these types of fertilisers that any granules that are left on the stone or light paving should be brushed off as soon as possible as the iron can stain. Leaving it covered with pink/orange dots.
                • Also, finish the pruning back any herbaceous plants that are over hanging the lawn or may do so once the growing season starts again in the New Year. These obscure the light to the lawn, creating unsightly bald patches and can encourage moss or weeds.
                • At this time of year, the mower has usually been put back in the shed and forgotten about – please don’t. At the very least, wash it down and grease or oil the working parts; if it’s a petrol mower, please remove any remaining petrol as this can go stale and may prevent the mower to start in the New Year. Though organising the machine to be serviced by a reputable mechanic is far preferable.
                • Finally, I’d like to wish you all a Happy Christmas and prosperous New Year
                Back to the top